Joseph - Son of Jacob
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Joseph served his master well and gained great favor. After he rejected her, she went to her husband with false accusations. Once again, God proved his presence and protection for Joseph. Because of earning this reputation, Joseph was called upon to interpret a dream that deeply troubled the Pharaoh.
But Joseph accurately relayed the symbols in the dream to a future time of abundance that would be followed by a time of great famine. The Pharaoh rewarded Joseph with overseeing the lands of Egypt. In these prosperous times he stored up the abundant harvest toward the tragic times ahead. Not recognizing their young Hebrew brother as this matured and prominent Egyptian, he ordered them to return with their younger brother.
When the brothers returned with Benjamin, Joseph revealed his identity. The brothers suffered from great remorse of their actions and Joseph forgave them. It was a joyous reunion between a grieved father and lost son. Joseph was a man of strong beliefs. He not only strived to do what was right but also to do it the right way. He lived in Nazareth and worked as a carpenter.
Betrothed to Mary, he married her at the instigation of an angel, who informed him of her pregnancy by the Holy Spirit. At the time of the census, Joseph was required to register in David's city, Bethlehem, and it was there that Jesus was born. Joseph and his family went up to Jerusalem on two occasions, once to present Jesus to the Temple, and again, during Passover when Jesus was twelve years old. Joseph is not mentioned during the period of Jesus' public ministry and may have died previously. Joseph was a wealthy man from the Judean town of Arimathea.
He was a follower of Jesus and he is the one who buried Jesus after the crucifixion. Pilate, the Roman governor who ruled over the land of the Jews, was the one who had ordered the crucifixion of Jesus. After making sure that Jesus was dead, Pilate allowed Joseph to take his body. Joseph took the body of Jesus, wrapped him in linens and placed him in a rock tomb.
Matthew tells us that the tomb had never been used before. Bowing again, they said he was well. Soon, Joseph became overwhelmed with emotion, and he left the room. Then he came back and they all dined. He then instructed his servant to fill the brothers' bags with food, return each one's money a second time, and put his own silver goblet in Benjamin's bag. When the brothers left Egypt, Joseph's servant chased after them and accused them of stealing Joseph's goblet. He said that whoever had the goblet in his possession would be kept as a slave, while the others would go free.
He found the goblet in Benjamin's bag. The brothers returned to Egypt and threw themselves at Joseph's feet, begging on Benjamin's behalf. But Joseph insisted that only Benjamin would become a slave. Judah pleaded passionately with Joseph, revealing Jacob's reluctance to send Benjamin and of his own responsibility in the matter. He told of the sorrow that Benjamin's loss would bring to Jacob. Finally, Joseph could not continue with the deception. He revealed his true identity. Then, Joseph again asked about his father.
The brothers were too stunned to reply. Joseph explained that he was not angry with them. He sent them home with instructions to tell Jacob what really had become of his beloved son Joseph.
Joseph, Son of Jacob
In addition, he wanted them to bring Jacob and his household to the nearby town of Goshen, where Joseph could care for all of them during the remainder of the famine. All of the brothers then wept and kissed. When the brothers revealed the news to their father, Jacob initially did not believe them. But after he saw the wagons and provisions Joseph had provided, he knew it was all true.
Then Jacob, at age , set out for Goshen with the 70 members of his household. The brothers were placed in charge of the Pharoah's livestock. They now lived in Ramses, the richest part of Egypt, and Joseph provided them with food. Eventually as the famine continued, and the Egyptian economy became endangered, Joseph established a just arrangement with the people, where they were supplied with seed and would return one-fifth of their crops to the Pharoah.
All farmland became nationalized, and the people became serfs. After Jacob had lived in Egypt for 17 more years, he asked Joseph to bury him not in Egypt but in the burial place of his fathers, in the cave of Machpelah. For Jacob knew that he was sick and dying. Before he passed away, he gave an extra portion of his inheritance to Joseph, a custom usually reserved for the first born.
Jacob then blessed Joseph's sons and all of his own sons, saving the longest blessing for Joseph. After Jacob passed away, the Egyptians mourned for seventy days, and Joseph returned to Canaan to bury his father. Upon Jacob's death, the brothers feared that Joseph would finally take his revenge on them. They tried to convince Joseph that, before he died, Jacob had told them to tell Joseph that he wanted him to forgive them.
They even offered to be his slaves. But the ruse and the offer were both unnecessary. Joseph told them that God had always intended that he go to Egypt, to save many people. Therefore, he intended to take care of his brothers, their children, and his father's household. Joseph reportedly lived to be one-hundred-and-ten years old. He resided in Egypt with his brothers and their families until he died. He had many grandchildren and great-grandchildren from his sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
Before Joseph died, he told his brothers that God would raise them up from Egypt—meaning the Jewish people—and take them to the "promised land. According to accounts, when the Jews finally left Egypt, about one hundred years later, Moses carried out Joseph's bones. Eventually, Joseph was buried in Shechem, on a piece of land that Jacob had once owned. Joseph's two sons became the ancestors of two large and important tribes in Israel.
The northern Israelite kingdom is often times called the "House of Joseph. Today, among scholars, the story of Joseph is considered historical fact and not allegorical historical fiction. The recorded story reveals numerous verifiable details about Egypt, particularly the Hyksos period, when the Pharaohs tended to be Semitic foreigners. That would explain how a Semite such as Joseph would attain such a high position in Egypt. In addition, historical records reveal a significant economic change taking place during the Hyksos period.
This change can easily be accounted for by details from the story of Joseph. Further, Egyptian monuments illustrate many details of the story of Joseph. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Retrieved December 03, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
The American Indian Joseph ca. Joseph was born in the Wallowa Valley of northeastern Oregon. The commissioners were disconcerted by Joseph, who stood 6 feet tall, was amicable but firm, and spoke with amazing eloquence. Despite the obvious fraudulence of the old treaty, President Ulysses S.
White settlers moved onto the land and committed atrocities against the Indians. Against his will, Joseph was forced by his tribesmen to fight. Pressed hard by Gen. Oliver Otis Howard 's forces, Joseph was convinced that he could not win and began a lengthy withdrawal toward Canada. Pursued by Howard and harassed by many small detachments, Joseph fled toward Canada and thrilled the nation, whose sympathies were with the Native Americans.
During the fall of Joseph led his followers into Montana. In the fighting he showed rare military genius and great humanity; he refused to make war on women and children, bought his supplies when possible, and allowed no mutilation of bodies.
Miles with approximately soldiers. With only 87 warriors, Joseph chose to fight. He would not abandon the children, the women, and the aged. After a 5-day siege, however, he said to Miles and his followers: The little children are freezing to death…. Hear me, my chiefs. I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever. There so many of them sickened and died that an aroused American public demanded action. Chief Joseph was moved to Colville Reservation in Washington, along with of his followers; the others were returned to Oregon.
Joseph made many pleas to be returned to his tribal homeland, but he died on Sept. The best of the many biographies of Joseph is Merrill D. In the Bible , Joseph is the name of a Hebrew patriarch, son of Jacob. He was given a coat of many colours by his father, whose favourite he was, and he exacerbated his brothers' jealousy by dreams which predicted his dominance over them, as by their sheaves in the harvest field bowing down to the sheaf of Joseph.
Sold by them into captivity in Egypt and at risk from the machinations of Potiphar 's wife, he attained high office in Egypt, finding favour with Pharaoh by his interpretation of the dream of seven fat and seven lean cattle, and seven full and seven thin ears of corn, as a warning against a coming famine. The story is ultimately one of reconciliation, when his brothers come to Egypt to buy corn and are in Joseph's power; in the end the whole family of Jacob settles in Egypt.
St Joseph husband of the Virgin Mary. A carpenter of Nazareth, and by later tradition already elderly, he was betrothed to Mary at the time of the Annunciation. In Christian art, representations of the Nativity often show St Joseph a little apart from the main group, with his chin on his hand. His feast day is 19 March. Joseph of Arimathea a member of the council at Jerusalem who, after the Crucifixion, asked Pilate for Christ's body, which he buried in his own tomb. He is also known from the medieval story that he came to England with the Holy Grail and built the first church at Glastonbury.
Joseph, one of the heroes of the patriarchal narratives of the Book of Genesis. He is presented as the favored son of Jacob and Rachel, sold as a boy into slavery by his brothers, who were jealous of Joseph's dreams and of his coat of many colors given him by Jacob.
In Egypt, Joseph gained a position of authority in the household of his master, Potiphar, and was later imprisoned on the false accusations of Potiphar's wife. He was released after interpreting Pharaoh's dream of the lean and fat cows. Pharaoh renamed him Zaphnath-paaneah and took him into favor. Joseph's recognition of his brothers in the famine years when he was governor over Egypt is a famous scene. His wife was Asenath, an Egyptian, and their sons Manasseh and Ephraim were eponymous ancestors of two of the 12 tribes of Israel.
The Joseph saga bridges the era of the patriarchs in Canaan and the Hebrews in Egypt. The Joseph story is retold in the Qur'an. Joseph, —77, king of Portugal —77 , son and successor of John V. After Lisbon was partially destroyed by an earthquake and a tsunami, Pombal gained emergency powers and quickly rose in importance.
He was supported by Joseph, who allowed Pombal to rule the country in fact if not in title.
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Given a richly woven, multi-coloured coat by his father, Joseph was sold into slavery by his jealous elder brothers. He was taken to Egypt , where he gained the Pharaoh's favour by predicting the seven-year famine, thus allowing stores to be laid by from the previous seven good years. He was later reconciled with his brothers. Oratorio by Handel Joseph and His Brethren perf. London , New Orleans Paris , Philadelphia , London concert , CG rev. Oratorio by Macfarren, Leeds Fest. The favourite son of the patriarch Jacob , borne by his wife Rachel.
His story is told in Genesis 37— The Canadian-Jewish branch of the Joseph family some converted to Catholicism and others intermarried with Protestants was founded by henry joseph — , a nephew of Aaron Hart, regarded as the first permanent Jewish settler in Canada. In , year-old Henry arrived from England and settled in Berthier, Quebec, where he entered the fur trade.
He later moved to Quebec City and established a chain of successful trading posts in the interior of the country for a time, John Jacob Astor was one of his employees. He also became known as the "father of Canada's merchant marine" because of a shipping network he set up to move goods to and from his posts. He was one of three Jews among the founders of the Bank of Montreal in , Canada's first bank. Henry Joseph and his son Samuel died in the cholera epidemic of After Henry's death, his firm passed to his son abraham — of Quebec City.
Besides the family business, Abraham served as president of the Quebec and Dominion Boards of Trade, a director of the Banque Nationale, president of the Stadacona Bank when it failed during the panic of , he used personal funds to repay investors and depositors , and a member of the Quebec city council he failed in a bid for the mayoralty. A memorial horse trough was erected there in his memory. Abraham's son, montefiore joseph — , took over the family firm, as, in turn, did his sons and grandson after him.
He founded Canada's first telegraph line and was a partner in the Newfoundland Telegraph Company, president of the Montreal Elevator Company, vice president of the Montreal Board of Trade, a bank director, a real estate mogul, and a supporter of charitable and cultural institutions in Montreal. Jesse Joseph, a life-long bachelor, studied law but eventually followed the family tradition into business. He served as president of both the Montreal Gas Company he sold his interest in the Montreal Electric Company because he did not believe electricity had a future and the City Passenger Railway, which formed the nucleus of Montreal's mass transit, and operated the Theatre Royale, the city's premier theater.
A promoter of trade between Canada and Belgium, he was named Belgian consul in Montreal, and was one of the largest real-estate owners in the city. He was a member of the executive of the spca and known for giving lavish parties in the Sherbrooke Street mansion, which, after his death, became the McCord Museum of McGill University. Like others of Canada's pre Jewish elite, the Josephs were proudly British and staunchly patriotic. Abraham Joseph belonged to the St. Henry, the family patriarch, fought in the War of , and his son, Abraham, fought with the Royal Volunteers during the Rebellion of The family firm boasted of having provisioned the troops in every war from to World War ii and never profiteered.
Family members took full part in the social life of the English-speaking community in Quebec and seemed to suffer no discrimination because of their faith. Although Henry's brother, Judah, became a Roman Catholic one of his descendants, Joseph Olivier Joseph, was among the organizers of the French-Canadian, nationalist Saint Jean Baptiste Society in the s , and some of Henry's grandchildren intermarried, the Josephs were remarkably faithful to their Jewish roots, despite the difficulties of practicing Judaism far from any sizeable community.
Henry Joseph was a traditional Jew who instructed his children in Jewish living and taught himself ritual slaughtering so that the family would have a supply of kosher meat. Brown, Jew or Juif ; A. In the fragment known as the Cambridge Document, which was found in the Cairo Genizah , his father Aaron and grandfather Benjamin are also mentioned by name and the document adds line 59 that Joseph was married to a daughter of the king of the Alans. As Rachel's son, Joseph was treasured by his father.
Resentful of Joseph's resulting conceit, his brothers sold him to a group of passing traders, who took him to Egypt, where he was purchased by one of pharaoh's officers. When Joseph, who is described as "attractive and good-looking" Gn. In jail he demonstrated his ability to interpret dreams. He was therefore brought to pharaoh, whose dreams could not be otherwise understood.
Joseph recognized them as warning that a period of abundance would be followed by famine. Elevated to high office to prepare Egypt for the coming threat, Joseph was given both an Egyptian name Zaphenath-paneah and wife Aseneth. As a result of Joseph's efforts, Egypt was ready for the difficult times that followed and even served as a resource for surrounding peoples. Joseph's brothers came from Canaan to purchase grain; he recognized and tested them before revealing himself and bringing the entire family to settle in the eastern Nile Delta.
Joseph died at the age of ; the Israelites took his bones to Canaan when they left Egypt during the Exodus. Joseph's special status is attested by the ascription to him of two biblical tribes, named after his sons Ephraim and Manasseh. Ephraim came to dominate the northern kingdom of Israel, which is therefore also called the House of Joseph.
Joseph's childhood dreams were thus fulfilled during the lifetimes of his descendants as much as during his own lifetime. The story of Joseph is remarkable for its numerous human touches, which lead to the apparent absence of divine intervention so common elsewhere in Genesis. In fact, however, God is present, if not always visible, acting through human behavior Gn.
The narrative incorporates many elements found in other biblical tales, most strikingly in the stories of Daniel and Esther, which also describe an Israelite's rise in a foreign court. In postbiblical traditions, Joseph's fate is often connected to his personality: Particular attention is devoted to his relationship with the wife of pharaoh's officer, elaborating on her efforts to attract Joseph or raising questions about his own role in the incident.
The historicity of the Joseph story has been defended on the basis of its incorporation of Egyptian vocabulary, customs, and narrative motifs. Historians since the first-century Josephus Flavius Against Apion 1. Their expulsion in the sixteenth century might then account for the Bible's statement that "there arose a new king over Egypt who did not know Joseph" Ex.
However, none of these factors is sufficient historical proof. The author's knowledge of Egyptian culture hardly proves the story's historicity. The land of Canaan was long under Egyptian control, and there are several cases of apparently Semitic figures holding high positions in the Egyptian bureaucracy. As a result, such knowledge could have been acquired in any of several different periods. Jacob ; Rachel and Leah.
Joseph, son of Jacob/Israel
An overview of modern scholarship relating to the entire patriarchal period is in Nahum M. Sarna's Understanding Genesis New York , This must, however, be read in conjunction with the historical information in Roland de Vaux's The Early History of Israel , translated by David Smith Philadelphia, A detailed examination of the Joseph story, including both its literary characteristics and its Egyptian coloration, is in Donald B. Louis Ginzberg 's The Legends of the Jews , 7 vols.
He later became chairman and managing director of Bovis, the large building contracting firm. Joseph held several positions in London municipal government before serving as sheriff of the city of London —34 and was lord mayor of London from to , the sixth Jew to have held this position. He was made a baronet in His son, sir keith joseph — , inherited his father's title. Educated at Harrow and Oxford, he was a captain in the British army in World War ii and was mentioned in dispatches. After the war he was admitted to the bar and, from to , was a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.
He also held various industrial posts before becoming a director in the family building contracting firm. In Keith Joseph entered Parliament and three years later was made parliamentary secretary of the Ministry of Housing in the Conservative government.
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He became minister of state at the Board of Trade in and, from to , was minister of housing and local government and minister for Welsh affairs. When the Conservatives returned to power in , he was appointed minister of health and social services, serving until He earned a reputation for intellectual brilliance and integrity and was one of his party's chief advocates of social welfare reforms. After the Tories lost office in , Joseph was often mentioned as a potential leader of the Conservative Party. He was a founder of the influential "Think Tank," the Centre for Policy Studies, which set the intellectual stage for "Thatcherism" by its advocacy of free enterprise policies.
Joseph, however, never became a serious challenger for the party's leadership: From to he was minister of education. On retiring from the government he was made a peer. A Singular Mind ; A. Denham and Mark Garnett, Keith Joseph When the Parthians invaded Judea 40 b. Later Herod returned with reinforcements and set his family free.