The Purchase of the North Pole (Annotated) (Unabridged)

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Verne had in other words very early and significantly discovered Poe, whose solitary flyting melancholy he somewhat misread as a kind of romantic adventurousness, and under this influence also published his first tale of sf interest, "La science en famille. Un voyage en ballon. Un drame dans les airs.

Un hivernage dans les glaces. Both stories demonstrate how early Verne developed his characteristic technique of embedding speculative quasiscientific explanations into seemingly straightforward adventures imbued with the romance of fact-based geography. If only one translation exists, and has been recommended, it will be marked with a pilcrow. In the case of Doctor Ox , there is no recommended translation yet available.

See notes at beginning of Checklist below for more detail on how recommendations have been made. Despite early hints of the course he was to follow, Verne felt himself only marginally successful as a writer, and with his father's help he soon turned to stockbroking, an occupation he maintained until , when his singularly important association with Jules Hetzel began. A Journey of Discovery by Three Englishmen in Africa , began the long series of what would not formally be designated the Voyages extraordinaires ["Extraordinary Journeys"] until the publication of Voyages et aventures du capitaine Hatteras 2vols; trans anon as A Journey to the North Pole [see below], though Hetzel retrofitted subsequent reprints of the first three novels into the series; almost all Verne's works from until his death were published as Voyages extraordinaires.

In this first tale, which was still comparatively episodic, colleagues in the very Near Future decide to try to cross Africa in a self-steering balloon, discover the source of the Nile months before John Speke [] identified it as Lake Victoria , have numerous adventures as they proceed, and learn a great deal about Africa. But Five Weeks in a Balloon lacks some of the hectic, romantic intensity of Verne's best work, those stories whose displacement from normal realities allowed him to transcend the element of illustrated travelogue which occasionally domesticated — in a negative sense — his fiction.

But the novel closes on a panorama of Paris that severely undercuts any signals of technological progress that may be laid down: This ending contradicts any sense that Verne's cultural pessimism came from the disappointments of old age, or that it was the whole-cloth creation of his son, Michel Verne , who was indeed wholly or partially responsible for stories like In the Year February The Forum ; chap , originally published in English and variously modified, as described by Arthur B Evans in "The 'New' Jules Verne" March Science Fiction Studies. The publication of Paris in the Twentieth Century also roused some suspicions about the date and actual authorship of the text; these suspicions are acutely analysed by Evans, who treats them as natural but, in this case, unfounded.

Journey to the Centre of the Earth , abandons futurity, and the revised version, which intensifies the action and expands the protagonists' debate over Evolution , is the first to convey what became the trademark Vernean frisson , in the early books at least certainly in the versions Hetzel allowed: In this novel three protagonists take part variously in an expedition into the core of a dormant volcano which leads them eventually into the dark Hollow Earth itself. There are sightings of Dinosaurs and cavemen. Verne's engaging wonderment at the world's marvels in tales of this sort goes far to explain the success he was beginning, almost immediately, to achieve; and was conveyed with a childlike exuberance and clarity that gave evolving sf tropes and topoi like the fabulous Underground caves of this tale, an intensely memorable shape.

His tripartite division of protagonists one a Scientist , one an intensely active, athletic type, the third a more or less ordinary man representative of the reader's point of view sorted out didactic duties and narrative pleasures remarkably well. The Adventures of Captain Hatteras , — and most though by no mean all of his novels were first published there. The years of his greatest public success, and of his most intense use of the instruments of sf, had arrived.

The Purchase of the North Pole

Hatteras itself, a brilliant novel conspicuously not described as sf by its critical admirers, tracks an unrelenting hunt for the North Pole by the obsessed Hatteras, who himself has proto- Superman characteristics including an immunity to cold , but puts himself and his colleagues at profound risk; the explorers succeed all the same in reaching a mild circumpolar sea, which Lost-World -like abounds with prehistoric Monsters. The North Pole itself is an active volcano, though it does not — as in any Hollow Earth novel written according to the Symmesian hypothesis see John Cleves Symmes — lead Hatteras into the heart of the world.

From the Earth to the Moon ; Autour de la Lune: The choice of a gun to fire the members of the Gun Club around the Moon was not, perhaps, a good anticipation of Space Flight ; but the epic exudes a natty exhilaration, and in the end the Moon, once safely circumnavigated, is left to its own resources. The Gun Club's later plan, to profit from its ownership of the Pole by shifting the Earth's axis, is unsuccessful. Over and beyond their travestying of Verne's scientific descriptions of the world, the editing of both titles removed any imputation that Nemo had just cause to take revenge on the British who had invaded and corrupted his native India [see Imperialism ].

In modern restored translations, the Nemo of the first tale — which is generally thought to be Verne's most inspired and sustained novel — can be recognized as an Antihero both enigmatic and obscured, a Byronic figure who ultimately bewilders the tale's narrator, despite his growing sympathy for Nemo's search for Transcendence through revenge against an easily identified Britain; later generations of readers have found him easier to empathize with, and his animus against the British Empire easier to understand, than Hetzel could have anticipated.

The Nautilus , Nemo's exceedingly-advanced electricity-powered submarine — electricity being a favourite anticipatory Power Source in the sf of the time — is capable of making long luxurious voyages at 25 knots higher in bursts , mostly submerged, including a visit to the ruins of the great City at the heart of the sunken continent of Atlantis , a stop which makes a short episode in the tale's extended Fantastic Voyage through the great Archipelago that comprises planet Earth, seen from below, each island being approached from Under the Sea the Bahamas, for instance, are great cavern-haunted mountains with insignificant caps of dry land perching flatly above them.

The geography is sometimes fantastic, including the Underground "Arabian Tunnel" which connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean, and the arrival at the South Pole, which turns out to be a mountain peak thrusting out of a strangely clement ocean. These events, and the narrator Professor Aronnax's elated absorption in oceanic fauna, are usually conveyed through clearly tagged, frequently inspired Infodumps.

The Nautilus 's isolation from the outside world is signalled by its crews' use of a private language see Linguistics that only they understand. Though his lower-class colleagues are given spartan accommodation, Aronnax is amply and comfortingly coddled in a chamber that exudes Second Empire plushness; this presentation of ornate luxury enabled by advanced Technology is one of the central iconic images see Icons of the romance of nineteenth-century sf, and prefigures Steampunk.

The sequel, The Mysterious Island , which takes place something like a decade later and is less prolific in sf imagery, unpacks a long, engaging Robinsonade whose band of brotherly castaways is haunted and eventually saved by Nemo in Mysterious Stranger guise. Travels and Adventures Around the Solar System is perhaps the most remarkable of Verne's mid-period works: In the introduction to his version of this work, Adam Roberts shows that Hetzel would not permit Verne to close a novel in the midst of a transformed world indeed, Verne's protagonists normally brings their gifts of travel back to an unchanged Europe.

The eponymous revenge-seeking hero of Mathias Sandorf 6 June September Le Temps ; 2vols; trans G W Hanna Mathias Sandorf 2vols much resembles the protagonist of Alexandre Dumas 's The Count of Monte-Cristo 18vols , including the disguise, the enormous fortune, the Fortress of Solitude, and only moving beyond his model through his advanced Weapons. There is some doubt that Verne's late Robinsonades are as toothless as nineteenth-century translations have made them seem. Both exploit the romantic implications of being cast alone or with a few companions into the bosom of a bounteous Nature, and the didactic possibilities inherent in the project of re-creating a civilized life; Verne's robinsonades are carefully socialized, and their small groups of protagonists always make do very well together, even the multi-national cast of Vacances , as far as English readers of early versions of these texts could be aware.

All the same, the surface of his more significant sf novels after or so increasingly reveals a grimmer palette. That, and their inescapable pessimism about the enterprise of European imperial civilization, may have impeded their full acceptance — this, ironically, at a time when Verne had become an Icon of the European imperium at its most triumphant. The World's Fair in Paris featured, for instance, rides in which customers could go around the world in eighty days, or 20, leagues under the sea, a techno-fetishism far distant Roger Luckhurst argues, see about the author below from Verne's own "internationalist rejection of nationalism" as represented by Captain Nemo certainly in the original text of Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea.

The negative impact of Verne's later assaults on Progress may perhaps account for his exclusion, just eleven years later, from the Exposition Universalle in Do you have a jobs plan for industry beyond taking things out of the ground? These were obviously senseless acts, and I know that everybody here, across the country, our thoughts and prayers are with those families. On jobs, David, our approach is multifaceted.

Obviously the centrepiece of our plan is to make sure we have — we are making practical investments that are affordable, that we can do while keeping our taxes down and keeping our budget balanced. Your dream, though, of being an energy super power have not been realized. For those who are worried about jobs of the future, what comes next? We are living in a very challenged global economy.

We have enormous economic instability out there. Through it all, the Canadian economy has managed to create a large number of jobs, a better record than anyone in the G7, 1. Incomes have been rising. Now, there are still challenges, and we can do more, but the essence of our plan is making sure that we make investments that we can afford.

The other parties are trying to tell us they will deal with the challenges of our economy, of our labour market, of international markets, by raising taxes and running deficits to finance vastly increased amounts of spending. That is not the way to protect our economy in this environment. You need to do more, surely, than support just the manufacturing sector. What is your jobs plan? Harper put all of his eggs into one basket, and then he dropped the basket.

Four hundred thousand well-paid manufacturing jobs lost on his watch. There are now , more Canadians without a job than when the recession hit in So we have a plan to kick-start the economy, to grow manufacturing jobs, work on innovation. And we also want to help people get ahead and make their lives easier because making sure that you can balance your work life and your family life is important to the NDP.

Trudeau, can you please lead this open part of the debate? Now — thank you, David. I want to start with a few questions, my friends. Are you better off now than you were ten years ago, when Stephen Harper became Prime Minister? Is our country better off? Do you have better job prospects? Do you have confidence that your kids have a brighter future? It starts with actually raising taxes on the wealthiest one percent so we can lower them for the middle class. It starts with investing in Canada once again: Now, those are the kinds of investments that Mr. Harper is your guy.

The questions I would ask people at home are the following. In the last ten years, where would you rather have been in all this global economic instability? Where would you rather have been than Canada? Looking forward, where would you rather be than Canada? I think the are — these are the key questions. Trudeau proposes permanent deficits.

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The rea—small business taxes. And the reason Mr. Trudeau said he was opposed to small business cuts is he said a large percentage of small businesses are just wealthy people avoiding taxes. Trudeau, small business —. Harper knows full well that the Liberal Party plan is to drop small business taxes from 11 to nine percent. We have a plan not only to encourage small businesses but to invest in what small businesses need, like reliable transportation, like a growing economy.

Harper has not only the worst growth record on jobs — the worst job creation record since World War II; he has the worst record on economic growth since the Great Depression. Harper thinks that everything is just fine the way it is, Mr. Trudeau is proposing to dump tens of billions of dollars in new debt on the backs of future generations. The Prime Minister wants to hit the snooze button, while Mr. Trudeau is hitting the panic button. The NDP has put its numbers out there.

We put out a costed plan yesterday. At least we should respect the voting public and let them have an informed decision in this election. Both of these parties talk about cutting taxes for small business, doing the small business tax cut that we are already moving forward with for the next four years. But what they also propose — and small businesses know this around the country.

They propose hikes to payroll taxes, to CPP particularly and also employment insurance, that are ten times bigger than the tax cuts they are promising small business. Harper, is when people retire they get their pension money back. Mulcair needs to hit the wake-up call. Mulcair has missed the opportunity to invest in Canadians the way we need to. Eleven million people —. Workers and employers, small employers, do not want these tax hikes. That was a really long sentence, David.

Look, the average Canadian knows that a pension plan is necessary. The Canada Pension Plan, as far as Mr. Harper is concerned, is a tax. We view it as an investment in the future. Thank you very much. And that brings us, with some relief, to the end of the first question. We move now to the second topic, energy and the environment.

And this question goes to Mr. What is your current proposal, and what would the cost be for carbon emissions? Well, thank you very much, David. And we know that a dynamic and innovative energy sector is crucial for Canada for the years to come. And we also know that Canada has international obligations that it has to follow through on. The Liberals signed Kyoto with no plan. They admitted they had no plan to respect it. Shamefully, Stephen Harper made Canada the only country in the world to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol. Actually, Canada and the United States had a very successful model of that to reduce SO2 when it was causing acid rain on our forests.

But above that, everybody has to understand that there are tens of thousands of jobs across the country, and especially here in Alberta, that rely on that sector, and we need to understand that we have to develop our resources responsibly and sustainable, which is exactly what I did when I was the Minister. What is the costing for your carbon emission proposal? Is it cap and trade, similar to Ontario and Quebec? Is it a carbon tax like British Columbia? What would the cost be? A carbon tax is about the tax, although there is more and more information available.

A cap and trade system can guarantee the reduction. These are basic principles of sustainable development. Mulcair, would that not create revenue hemorrhaging in Alberta, to tie with Ontario and Quebec? Unfortunately, Canada is not even going to be part of it because we have a government that has taken a rip and ship approach to sending our resources as fast as they can to other places. Well, of course, as you know, that was something that was proposed last time.

For your plan, it looks like a lot of it is left to the provinces. How do you lead the country, perhaps going to the UN climate conference later this year, without a Canadian policy? Harper, with no leadership on the environment, provinces have moved forward. The idea of imposing a bureaucracy out of Ottawa, a cap and trade system, on provinces like British Columbia that have already moved forward with a world-renowned carbon tax that is actually working for them is actually a completely nonsensical plan. We are committed to working with the provinces to reduce emissions, to encourage them to hit those — the targets needed so that we can contribute as a responsible country once again to reducing emissions.

We will go to Paris for the climate change conference with all Premiers to talk about how we are going to meet that responsibility we collectively share on this planet, to prevent a two-degree increase in global temperatures. Harper, you start off the open-floor portion. But I do, David, want to address the other half of the debate, which is the energy sector. And that sector needs a government that is on its side. We want to see this sector grow and develop. The public is not on side. When I was the Minister in Quebec, Mr. Walmsley, I lowered greenhouse gas production in our province every year for the three years I was the Minister of the Environment.

It can be done. We brought in overarching sustainable development legislation, the toughest in North America. We went so far as to change the Charter of Rights to include the right to live in a clean environment. Harper sees the environment and the economy as polar opposites. Everybody in Canada knows you have to work on both at the same time. Mulcair, you actually are the only leader in Canadian history to have gone to another country, you and your colleagues, to the United States, to argue against Canadian jobs and against Canadian development projects.

I want to create those 40, jobs in Canada. These are called debates, Mr. And that has been his failure, and that has been his failure felt right here in Calgary. He has made the oil sands and international pariah, and with friends like Stephen Harper —. What is the costing of your plan? Our plan for sustainable development includes bringing in overarching legislation that will be rigorously enforced and provide action when a company is trying to pollute the environment.

Harper talks a good game on international trade deals. Now, you asked about our costing. Yes, we need to get our resources to market. You know, we heard the same, old story from the NDP on this. In their platform yesterday, they put in a bunch of tax increases —. You know, this is the same story we had in Alberta when the NDP came to office. And now what have we seen? Now I know trades people who are now getting higher individual tax bills. We see people getting layoffs because their employers are paying higher taxes. If that was such a good idea to create jobs, how come we lost , well-paid manufacturing jobs?

How come we have , more unemployed today than when Mr. We now move to the third topic, which is infrastructure. And this goes to Mr. Spending money is an easy promise. What does success look like? We invest in our future. And right now Mr. We need to create the transit that Canadians need, and we need to start doing it right now.

Mulcair talks about putting things off for three, five, ten, 20 years. Trudeau, you say that you would create a new infrastructure bank. We are actually proposing a new infrastructure bank that will help provinces and municipalities borrow at the advantageous rate that the federal government actually has.

Yes, we are, as a separate initiative, looking to encourage pension funds to invest here in Canada, but in order to do that, we have to have a much more robust partner in the federal government. For a decade now, Mr. Mulcair, and not — not at all like Mr. Harper has been doing. You know, look, here are the facts. This year our government is putting more into infrastructure — 15 times more — than the last full year of the Liberal government.

Running a deficit is not the kind of protection our economy needs right now. Mulcair, you have the lead. Municipalities across this country are asked to spend the cost to ha—assume the costs of 60 percent of the infrastructure with only eight percent of the tax base. We are going to be a reliable, long-term partner for municipalities across the country. We need money invested long term. Our plan is for constant spending over 20 years, 1. Those are important sums of money — reliable, long-term. And the fact of the matter is that we have a situation right now where interest rates are low, so borrowing has never been cheaper for the federal government; our debt-to-GDP ratio is low and getting lower; our economy has been flat for ten years.

Because the fact of the matter is I talked with Mr. This is the time to invest in the future of our country. Trudeau says he will raise taxes. A whole bunch more spending, and we can finance that just by raising taxes on a few big corporations and a few rich people. You start putting people out of work, slowing the economy, killing jobs.

And when we are in a fragile [cross talk] —. The NDP is categorical. We will not be raising taxes on individual Canadians. We are going to be asking Canadian large corporations to start paying their fair share. Harper are of one mind. That will be the result of Mr. Mulcair talks about corporations being the only people in this country who are not paying their fair share. So he thinks the wealthiest one percent are paying their fair share. But if you look at the past 30 years, incomes for the wealthiest 70 — wealthiest one percent of Canadians have increased by 70 percent while their federal tax share has decreased by 32 percent.

Is the creation of another bank the answer? It is time to invest in the future of our country. It has never been more appropriate to invest in the future of our country. There is simply not that kind of money in that, and this is the approach of the NDP, to exaggerate how much money they can raise through a few tax hikes. Those funds come right out of your paycheque.

We have to leave it there, and we now move to question four. This is on immigration and it goes to Mr.

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What is the right balance between economic migrants and those seeking family reunification? We have I think about two thirds of the people who come in are related to economic streams. Others are related to family reunification, refugees, other sorts of streams. For example, we used to process applications in order. This is a transformation I think will be very important to making the policy even more effective. Should we increase immigration numbers to counter the aging demographic of Canada? I think there is room going forward to increase that but obviously we want to make sure we get the right mix because there are significant settlement funding costs that come along with some streams of immigration.

I talked about Express Entry. Trudeau, what role does immigration play in your economic plan? I think Canada has long known that immigration is essential to our growth. We have a country that has benefited from people coming here from faraway lands, building a better future for themselves and their children and their communities here than they could have anywhere else. One of the things that Mr. Harper has continued to under-invest in and not create enough of is family reunification.

You talked about it early on, David. This is something that is really important, to create strong communities because, yes, the economic benefits of immigrants are well known but there is more to them than just workers. Another of Verne's rather interesting and thought provoking tales. So what's the plot? Jul 06, Jim rated it liked it. One of the more obscure books by the great French author Jules Verne , its original title is "Sans Dessus Dessous" Upside- Down and it was published in In this story, we have the return of the Baltimore Gun Club, who gained fame by sending men into orbit around the Moon by shooting them in a shell out of a huge cannon positioned in Florida.

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This time, they want to achieve an even more ambitious engineering feat. They plan to build an even bigger cannon and cause an explos One of the more obscure books by the great French author Jules Verne , its original title is "Sans Dessus Dessous" Upside- Down and it was published in They plan to build an even bigger cannon and cause an explosion at just the right spot to shift the axis of the world.

Of course, first, they purchased the North Pole. How they could get away with that is hard to believe in itself. But, by moving the axis, they believed that this would melt the polar area enough that it would make huge coal deposits accessible. Never mind the flooding that would result for some reason, it's estimated that much of Asia would go underwater--but I'm sure they felt that it's a small price to pay for an almost unlimited supply of coal.

The Adventures of Captain Hatteras, Part 1, Jules Verne, Audiobook in English

Scott Pruitt would love it! Anyway, it's a fast read and fun, although one of the more far-fetched stories I've read in a long time. I think it's interesting that here Verne is pointing out the dark side of the Victorian "idea of progress. More a political satire than a straightforward adventure story. The Baltimore gun club buy the north pole. They know the place is just crazy with coal and they have figured out a way to get at it and meet the world's energy needs for the next couple centuries.

Then they reveal their brilliant strategy and the world goes crazy. Not as cutting or clever as say 'The Mouse that Roared', but Verne gently pokes fun at international relationships and even at the racism of the time. Do wish he had told more More a political satire than a straightforward adventure story. Do wish he had told more of the story through character interaction, as he tends to just tell us what's going on rather than show us. The Gun Club is a fun bunch of characters, so I wish they'd done more. Also wish Verne had done more books about them.

Oct 11, Laura Verret rated it it was ok Shelves: So - The Gun Club seems to think that anything can be accomplished by firing a gun. In 'The Moon Voyage' a gun shot voyagers out to space to explore the moon This is certainly not one of Verne's more readable works. I fell in love with From the Earth to the Moon for how bro-ish it came across. Then Jules Verne decided Impey Barbicaine and company should have sequels. When I last heard from them, Impey, Capt. Nicholls, and our Frenchman went down to Florida to be blasted from a ginormous gun-rocket.

Somehow "falling back to earth" they landed in the ocean playing board games until a naval ship rescued them. But, you know, they needed to top that stunt. So, when several nations gather to make bids on the Nort I fell in love with From the Earth to the Moon for how bro-ish it came across. So, when several nations gather to make bids on the North Pole, it's the Baltimore Gun Club that gets the winning bid. Of course, everyone on the planet gets kind of worried at this idea.

Impey and the Captain flee imprisonment, leaving their secretary, Maston, to take the brunt of the wrath, so they take advantage of the local people of Mount Kilimanjaro, burrowing into the earth to make a crazy large gun-rocket. Even though these were written by a Victorian-era Frenchman, these are still some of the most modern 'Murica books. This time, the irrepressible Impey Barbicane and J-T Matson plan to change the north pole by permanently changing the rotation of the earth by some 27 degrees so that the North Pole ice could melt, and the Baltimore Gun Club could own the rights to all the coal and iron they would mine.

Of course, millions of people would drown by the displacement of the oceans, including China, India, and parts of South America, but that is secondary to the mining rights to the North Pole. Who would shed a tear for them? Barbicane and Matson envision another giant cannon, this time consisting of the African volcano at Kilimanjaro, which would have a giant steel barrel shoved down its center and loaded with a special alternative to gun-cotton called dyna-mix.

The projectile would go into orbit around the earth. I won't give away what happens. Needless to say, China and India are not under water today, so it must not have worked. It is one of the least inspiring books of Jules Verne. Having said that, it still holds its didactic standards regarding the updated knowledge on the scientific evolution of its era. Also, despite its lack of philosophical background, the book manages to be of good use as teaching material for elementary school students, due to the demonstrated variety of informations, regarding physics, chemistry, geology and geography.

Finally, regarding the moral standards it stands for, Verne reproduces in a It is one of the least inspiring books of Jules Verne. Finally, regarding the moral standards it stands for, Verne reproduces in a vulgar way the kantian ethics on love and power. On our current western standards, the reading is a rather conservative material. Verne wrote a Comedy?! The US buys the north pole, and the Batimore gun club builds a bigger cannon. Badly overwritten, with constant repetition of the same statistics.

His characters are even less developed than usual. A current editor in the fiels could easily reduce it to a 30 page short story. But it's a fun read, with a fascinating central idea - can humans change the world so as to melt the polar ice caps? Perhaps it's more contemporary than was originally thought Read it about 50 years ago in Spanish. Liked it then, liked it now! Be careful with it! Sep 19, suchitra rated it it was amazing.

Sep 20, Md. Faysal Alam Riyad rated it really liked it. Aug 24, Dipta Akash rated it it was amazing. Five star for the level of Imagination. The cover design of this book snagged me as I was browsing at the Strand.

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